TwitterFacebook

HOSPITALISATION : Le couple présidentiel à la rescousse d’Éric Fou Hehy

Admis à l’hôpital Joseph Ravoahangy Andrianavalona (HJRA) depuis quelques jours, Éric Rakotoarimanana du groupe humoriste Fou Hehy est gravement malade. Il est atteint d’insuffisance rénale, selon les précisions de ses proches. Les appels à l’aide ont circulé sur les réseaux sociaux pour subvenir aux besoins médicaux de cet artiste bien connu des Malagasy.

La réaction fut spontanée pour la présidence. Face à son état critique, l’équipe de la direction des affaires sociales est venue apporter son soutien à l’artiste hier, au nom du couple présidentiel, «C’est un geste purement humanitaire à l’endroit de ce grand artiste malgache pour l’aider à surmonter sa maladie», a déclaré le staff de ladite direction.

Éric est l’un des piliers de ce groupe d’humoriste célèbre non seulement par ses spectacles délirants mais également, pour les multiples animations aux événements artistiques et culturels phares à Madagascar. Dernièrement, il faut reconnaître que les prestations de l’artiste ont diminué et beaucoup ont déjà remarqué son amaigrissement progressif. Dans ses rares apparitions sur scène, il semble avoir perdu l’énergie et la spontanéité qui font ses grandes qualités en tant qu’humoriste.

Lors des fêtes pascales de Star Tour à Antsirabe, Éric a été bel est bien présent mais, vu son état de santé et la fatigue qui se lisait sur son visage, il a quitté la scène après quelques animations. D’ailleurs, son acolyte Honorat l’appuyait aussi souvent qu’il le pouvait pour que le public ne s’en aperçoive pas.

Les appels à l’aide sont très courants dans les cas comme celui-ci, cela témoigne la manifestation de la notion de solidarité entre Malagasy. D’autan plus qu’il s’agit d’un personnage public proche de la population.

ANNICK SEDSON

73 commentaires

  1. nike air presto Repondre

    A lot of thanks for your entire work on this blog. My aunt delights in setting aside time for internet research and it’s obvious why. We all notice all relating to the powerful way you deliver helpful tips and tricks via the website and even increase participation from other individuals on that area while my daughter is without a doubt discovering so much. Have fun with the rest of the new year. You are always doing a terrific job.
    nike air presto http://www.nike-airpresto.us.com

  2. adidas nmd Repondre

    My spouse and i got glad Chris could conclude his inquiry through the entire precious recommendations he discovered using your blog. It’s not at all simplistic just to continually be offering techniques that many other people have been trying to sell. We understand we have got the blog owner to appreciate because of that. The type of explanations you have made, the easy website menu, the friendships you can help to promote – it is most awesome, and it’s really facilitating our son and our family recognize that the subject is brilliant, which is pretty indispensable. Many thanks for all!

  3. adidas superstars Repondre

    I simply needed to thank you so much once again. I am not sure the things that I would have used without these basics revealed by you on such subject. Previously it was the scary circumstance in my circumstances, nevertheless noticing a new professional mode you handled that forced me to leap with fulfillment. I will be thankful for your advice and even hope that you realize what an amazing job you are providing instructing people all through your site. More than likely you haven’t met any of us.

  4. ultra boost 3.0 Repondre

    Thank you for every one of your efforts on this site. My mum really likes carrying out internet research and it’s easy to understand why. Most people notice all regarding the powerful form you render valuable tips on your blog and even boost contribution from some other people on that subject while our own princess has always been studying a great deal. Take advantage of the rest of the new year. Your doing a fantastic job.

  5. ysl handbags Repondre

    I wish to show some thanks to the writer for rescuing me from such a setting. As a result of surfing around through the world-wide-web and finding methods that were not beneficial, I was thinking my life was done. Living without the presence of strategies to the problems you’ve resolved by means of your entire report is a critical case, as well as those which could have negatively affected my career if I hadn’t noticed your web site. Your mastery and kindness in handling all the stuff was precious. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t discovered such a step like this. It’s possible to at this moment look forward to my future. Thanks a lot very much for the reliable and amazing guide. I won’t be reluctant to suggest your web blog to anyone who wants and needs recommendations about this matter.

  6. adidas ultra boost Repondre

    I intended to create you a little bit of remark to help thank you once again on the gorgeous things you have discussed above. This is quite strangely generous with you to supply openly just what most people would have offered as an e book to help with making some bucks on their own, mostly considering the fact that you might well have done it if you decided. Those guidelines additionally acted like the good way to understand that other people online have similar desire similar to my personal own to understand a whole lot more on the subject of this issue. I know there are a lot more pleasant sessions ahead for many who read carefully your blog post.

  7. converse outlet Repondre

    I want to express my affection for your kind-heartedness giving support to those individuals that require guidance on in this content. Your real dedication to passing the message across came to be especially important and has without exception helped somebody just like me to reach their endeavors. Your amazing important instruction means a great deal a person like me and even further to my office colleagues. Warm regards; from all of us.

  8. cheap jordans Repondre

    I precisely wanted to thank you so much again. I’m not certain what I could possibly have used in the absence of the actual tricks shared by you relating to such a topic. It was before a real traumatic matter for me, however , discovering a professional way you handled the issue forced me to leap with contentment. I’m happier for your work and wish you really know what a great job you are doing training the others by way of a site. Probably you’ve never encountered any of us.

  9. supreme clothing Repondre

    I want to express appreciation to this writer just for rescuing me from this type of crisis. Just after scouting through the the net and meeting strategies which are not productive, I believed my life was done. Existing minus the approaches to the difficulties you have sorted out by means of this short post is a critical case, as well as the kind which may have in a wrong way damaged my entire career if I had not come across your web blog. Your primary training and kindness in playing with almost everything was very useful. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t encountered such a point like this. I can at this moment look ahead to my future. Thanks very much for your professional and amazing guide. I won’t hesitate to recommend your blog post to any person who needs and wants counselling on this issue.

  10. michael kors outlet online Repondre

    I enjoy you because of your entire labor on this web page. My mother delights in engaging in research and it’s really obvious why. My spouse and i learn all regarding the lively means you render sensible tactics via this website and even strongly encourage contribution from the others on the theme and my daughter is certainly learning a lot of things. Take pleasure in the rest of the year. You’re the one performing a good job.

  11. yeezy boost 350 v2 Repondre

    Needed to draft you this little bit of remark just to give many thanks the moment again relating to the pleasing principles you have contributed on this website. This is surprisingly open-handed with people like you to offer unreservedly all that many people could possibly have made available for an electronic book to end up making some dough for their own end, precisely given that you could possibly have done it if you desired. These strategies in addition served to become fantastic way to realize that other individuals have the identical dreams just like my personal own to understand a whole lot more pertaining to this matter. I am certain there are millions of more enjoyable periods up front for individuals who find out your blog post.

  12. yeezy boost 350 Repondre

    Thanks for all your labor on this website. Ellie take interest in engaging in internet research and it is easy to understand why. All of us know all about the powerful medium you offer practical tricks via the web site and therefore strongly encourage contribution from other people on that topic so our child is without a doubt becoming educated so much. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the new year. You are always performing a stunning job.

  13. kevin durant shoes Repondre

    Needed to put you the little bit of remark to finally thank you so much again on the remarkable principles you have provided in this article. It’s simply generous of you to grant easily all a lot of folks would have supplied for an e book to generate some profit for their own end, particularly since you might well have tried it in case you wanted. These tips also worked to provide a great way to realize that other people online have the same passion really like my very own to know the truth a good deal more around this condition. I’m sure there are a lot more enjoyable sessions in the future for many who check out your blog post.

  14. Adidas NMD Runner PK Black White Repondre

    I wish to point out my affection for your kindness giving support to those who should have help on your concept. Your special commitment to passing the solution across came to be unbelievably important and has specifically enabled individuals like me to reach their endeavors. Your entire invaluable guide signifies so much to me and somewhat more to my office colleagues. Regards; from everyone of us.

  15. adidas yeezy Repondre

    I am just commenting to let you understand what a extraordinary discovery my daughter had visiting yuor web blog. She picked up several issues, most notably what it’s like to possess a marvelous teaching character to get most people effortlessly know just exactly specified grueling subject areas. You truly exceeded visitors’ expectations. Thank you for giving these warm and helpful, trustworthy, revealing and even unique tips about the topic to Janet.

  16. nike roshe Repondre

    Thanks so much for providing individuals with a very wonderful possiblity to read articles and blog posts from this website. It’s always very fantastic and full of amusement for me personally and my office co-workers to visit your blog not less than thrice every week to study the newest stuff you have. And indeed, I’m actually impressed with your gorgeous knowledge you give. Selected two ideas on this page are really the most efficient I have ever had.

  17. yeezy shoes Repondre

    My spouse and i have been now thankful when Albert managed to round up his studies using the precious recommendations he gained out of the weblog. It’s not at all simplistic just to choose to be offering guides that many some other people may have been making money from. And we all see we now have the blog owner to appreciate because of that. Most of the illustrations you’ve made, the easy website menu, the relationships you can assist to instill – it’s got all unbelievable, and it is leading our son and the family reckon that the theme is thrilling, which is very indispensable. Thanks for the whole thing!

  18. adidas yeezy boost Repondre

    I in addition to my buddies happened to be looking through the good ideas located on your website while before long got an awful suspicion I had not thanked the website owner for them. All the young men became excited to learn them and have clearly been using those things. Appreciate your truly being well considerate and for settling on these kinds of superb ideas most people are really desirous to discover. My personal sincere regret for not expressing gratitude to you earlier.

  19. ranban sunglasses Repondre

    I and my pals came reading the good things on the website then unexpectedly I had a terrible suspicion I never thanked the web site owner for those secrets. Most of the boys were absolutely happy to learn them and now have pretty much been loving those things. I appreciate you for genuinely indeed accommodating as well as for settling on varieties of magnificent subject matter millions of individuals are really desirous to understand about. My very own sincere apologies for not expressing gratitude to earlier.

  20. adidas pure boost Repondre

    Thanks so much for providing individuals with an extremely superb chance to check tips from this web site. It can be so sweet plus jam-packed with a good time for me and my office co-workers to search your blog not less than thrice in 7 days to study the fresh guides you will have. And lastly, we are actually astounded concerning the impressive principles you give. Certain 1 ideas on this page are without a doubt the most beneficial we have ever had.

  21. longchamp handbags Repondre

    I precisely needed to thank you very much once again. I do not know what I would’ve gone through in the absence of the suggestions provided by you concerning such a area of interest. It had been a fearsome situation in my position, but observing this specialised technique you resolved that forced me to weep with joy. I’m happier for your support as well as believe you find out what an amazing job your are carrying out instructing many others thru your webblog. More than likely you have never met any of us.

  22. kyrie 3 Repondre

    Thank you a lot for providing individuals with remarkably brilliant possiblity to read from this website. It’s usually so lovely plus stuffed with a lot of fun for me personally and my office peers to visit your blog at the least three times per week to find out the new guides you will have. And lastly, I’m so actually fascinated considering the unique creative ideas you give. Selected 2 areas in this posting are rather the finest we have ever had.

  23. michael kors handbags Repondre

    I am only writing to make you be aware of what a fine experience my cousin’s princess encountered reading through your web site. She noticed a lot of things, not to mention what it’s like to possess an amazing helping spirit to have the others quite simply fully grasp several specialized topics. You undoubtedly exceeded our expected results. Many thanks for delivering the great, trusted, edifying not to mention unique tips about this topic to Sandra.

  24. adidas ultra boost 3.0 Repondre

    I want to show my appreciation for your kind-heartedness in support of folks that have the need for assistance with this topic. Your very own commitment to passing the solution along was particularly functional and has specifically allowed women much like me to arrive at their pursuits. Your entire important key points indicates this much to me and even more to my peers. Regards; from everyone of us.

  25. birkin bag Repondre

    My husband and i ended up being absolutely lucky when Raymond managed to conclude his web research with the precious recommendations he made out of your web site. It’s not at all simplistic to simply always be giving for free tricks which some others might have been selling. And we also figure out we now have you to thank for that. The main explanations you have made, the straightforward website menu, the friendships your site help to promote – it’s got all fantastic, and it is letting our son and us consider that that idea is exciting, which is certainly unbelievably vital. Many thanks for all the pieces!

  26. michael kors handbags Repondre

    I and my pals were found to be following the nice tactics from your site then all of a sudden I had a terrible suspicion I never expressed respect to the site owner for those strategies. The men happened to be totally warmed to learn all of them and now have quite simply been loving them. Appreciation for actually being very helpful and then for considering this kind of nice information most people are really wanting to be informed on. My very own sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to you earlier.

  27. lacoste online shop Repondre

    A lot of thanks for all of your efforts on this web page. Ellie delights in setting aside time for investigation and it’s easy to see why. Most people hear all concerning the dynamic method you present both interesting and useful information on your web site and as well boost contribution from other people on that area of interest then my princess is actually becoming educated a lot of things. Have fun with the rest of the new year. You are always performing a fantastic job.

  28. christian louboutin shoes Repondre

    I enjoy you because of your own effort on this blog. My mum delights in setting aside time for investigations and it’s really simple to grasp why. Many of us hear all concerning the compelling manner you render both interesting and useful information on the blog and even increase response from other individuals on that area and my princess is certainly studying a lot. Enjoy the rest of the year. Your conducting a stunning job.

  29. yeezy boost Repondre

    Needed to compose you this very little word just to thank you as before for the awesome principles you’ve shown above. This has been extremely generous of people like you to present without restraint precisely what many individuals would’ve sold for an electronic book to help with making some dough for themselves, particularly seeing that you could have tried it in the event you considered necessary. The tactics additionally served to become easy way to understand that other individuals have a similar keenness just as my very own to learn a little more in respect of this matter. I think there are thousands of more enjoyable times up front for many who discover your blog.

  30. yeezy boost Repondre

    I simply desired to say thanks again. I do not know the things I might have implemented in the absence of the entire solutions shown by you on such a field. Entirely was a very fearsome issue in my circumstances, nevertheless encountering your professional tactic you managed the issue made me to leap over contentment. I am just grateful for this service as well as expect you comprehend what a powerful job that you’re undertaking teaching many people thru your webpage. More than likely you have never met any of us.

  31. kobe shoes Repondre

    I wish to point out my appreciation for your kindness in support of folks that should have help on in this niche. Your very own dedication to getting the message across turned out to be surprisingly valuable and have truly encouraged guys much like me to get to their targets. This warm and friendly publication can mean this much a person like me and still more to my fellow workers. Best wishes; from all of us.

  32. cheap jordans Repondre

    Needed to draft you this very little remark just to give thanks again about the extraordinary opinions you have contributed in this case. It’s certainly unbelievably generous of people like you to allow without restraint what exactly most people would’ve offered as an ebook to end up making some cash for their own end, chiefly considering the fact that you could have done it in the event you wanted. These tricks likewise acted like a easy way to be aware that other people have similar zeal like my own to grasp good deal more on the subject of this matter. I know there are several more pleasurable times ahead for people who start reading your blog.

  33. ultra boost 3.0 Repondre

    I have to voice my gratitude for your generosity for those individuals that have the need for help on the topic. Your personal dedication to getting the message up and down turned out to be amazingly valuable and has always encouraged somebody like me to realize their goals. Your invaluable tutorial denotes a great deal to me and far more to my peers. Many thanks; from everyone of us.

  34. air max 270 Repondre

    I wanted to compose you that very small note just to thank you so much again about the fantastic techniques you have shared in this case. It’s really strangely open-handed with people like you to give easily just what a lot of people would have offered for sale as an e book in order to make some profit for their own end, particularly seeing that you could possibly have done it in case you considered necessary. Those concepts likewise served to provide a great way to be certain that other people have the same desire really like my personal own to know the truth good deal more with reference to this condition. I’m certain there are numerous more pleasurable moments in the future for individuals that discover your website.

  35. converse shoes Repondre

    I’m also commenting to let you know what a beneficial experience my wife’s girl found reading the blog. She came to find a good number of things, with the inclusion of what it’s like to possess an awesome giving mood to let other individuals quite simply gain knowledge of selected tricky issues. You undoubtedly exceeded her desires. I appreciate you for churning out these helpful, healthy, educational and as well as unique thoughts on this topic to Gloria.

  36. Ira Laningham Repondre

    That sure is one pretty site you have there. Can I ask you a very simple question? What kind of fertilizer do you use to make it grow so wonderfully?

  37. ultra boost Repondre

    I intended to post you this very small word to be able to say thank you once again about the striking solutions you have documented at this time. This is quite wonderfully generous of you to offer without restraint all that a lot of people would have advertised for an e book to generate some cash on their own, and in particular considering that you could have tried it in case you desired. The solutions also served as the great way to realize that other people have the identical desire much like my own to understand good deal more with regards to this matter. I’m certain there are a lot more pleasurable occasions up front for people who looked over your site.

  38. westbrook shoes Repondre

    I want to show my passion for your kind-heartedness for men who really need help on in this idea. Your personal commitment to getting the message all-around appears to be wonderfully powerful and has all the time encouraged some individuals just like me to realize their ambitions. Your personal useful instruction denotes a great deal to me and extremely more to my office workers. Thanks a ton; from each one of us.

  39. http://www.kobeshoes.uk Repondre

    My husband and i have been very glad when Peter managed to complete his reports out of the ideas he received from your own blog. It is now and again perplexing to simply continually be handing out solutions other people might have been making money from. And now we fully understand we have got you to thank for this. Most of the illustrations you made, the simple website menu, the relationships you will help engender – it’s got mostly terrific, and it is letting our son in addition to the family understand the situation is exciting, and that’s highly fundamental. Thanks for everything!

  40. adidas nmd Repondre

    I needed to create you this little note to help say thank you the moment again for these lovely tricks you’ve featured on this website. It is really tremendously generous of you to offer extensively exactly what numerous people could possibly have offered as an e book to help make some money on their own, most importantly seeing that you could have tried it if you wanted. These concepts additionally served as a great way to understand that other people online have a similar passion much like my very own to know the truth whole lot more on the subject of this matter. I think there are a lot more pleasant situations up front for individuals who start reading your website.

  41. longchamp bag Repondre

    Thanks so much for giving everyone an extraordinarily splendid chance to read articles and blog posts from this web site. It really is very excellent and stuffed with fun for me and my office peers to search the blog on the least three times in one week to see the latest items you have got. And definitely, I am just usually amazed for the outstanding points you serve. Some 3 ideas in this article are truly the simplest we have all ever had.

  42. hornyco57 Repondre

    Are you sick and tired of being bored? You’ll never have a dull moment if you visit http://camgirl.pw It’s by far the most exciting site on the internet. There, you’ll be able to talk to all kinds of hot babes. Don’t be surprised if everyone at work asks why you’re so happy. You don’t need to tell them that you visit this site each and every day. It’ll be your little secret.

  43. nmd Repondre

    Thank you so much for providing individuals with such a pleasant chance to check tips from this website. It is always very kind and also stuffed with a great time for me and my office mates to search your blog at minimum thrice a week to study the newest stuff you have. Not to mention, I’m just at all times motivated concerning the astounding suggestions you serve. Some 4 areas on this page are honestly the very best I’ve had.

  44. chrome hearts Repondre

    Thank you for your entire hard work on this web site. My daughter really likes participating in investigations and it is simple to grasp why. Most of us know all of the lively mode you produce invaluable tactics through the website and as well as foster response from the others on that issue while my daughter has always been becoming educated a lot of things. Have fun with the rest of the new year. You are conducting a brilliant job.

  45. yeezy shoes Repondre

    I in addition to my friends happened to be viewing the excellent tips located on your web site and then before long developed a terrible feeling I had not expressed respect to the web site owner for those techniques. These people ended up as a consequence very interested to learn all of them and already have really been loving those things. Appreciate your genuinely really helpful and then for choosing some quality subject areas millions of individuals are really desperate to know about. My personal honest regret for not expressing appreciation to you earlier.

  46. off white jordan 1 Repondre

    I would like to convey my appreciation for your generosity in support of men who absolutely need assistance with this one topic. Your very own dedication to passing the message around appears to be extraordinarily informative and has truly allowed those just like me to realize their dreams. Your amazing important information implies a whole lot to me and especially to my mates. Best wishes; from all of us.

  47. adidas nmd Repondre

    I definitely wanted to write a simple message to be able to appreciate you for the stunning concepts you are placing on this website. My long internet lookup has at the end been compensated with wonderful ideas to write about with my colleagues. I would say that most of us website visitors are very much endowed to exist in a fine place with very many brilliant people with valuable things. I feel somewhat blessed to have come across your web page and look forward to many more cool minutes reading here. Thanks once more for a lot of things.

  48. russell westbrook shoes Repondre

    Thank you a lot for providing individuals with remarkably spectacular opportunity to check tips from here. It is always so enjoyable plus jam-packed with fun for me personally and my office fellow workers to visit your web site not less than thrice every week to read through the latest issues you have. And definitely, I’m just always happy with all the impressive knowledge served by you. Certain two facts in this article are definitely the simplest we’ve had.

  49. true religion Repondre

    I happen to be commenting to let you know of the wonderful discovery our daughter enjoyed reading through yuor web blog. She realized some issues, including how it is like to possess an ideal helping mood to let men and women without hassle completely grasp a number of specialized subject matter. You actually did more than readers’ expected results. Many thanks for offering those beneficial, healthy, educational as well as fun tips about the topic to Mary.

  50. becca_luna Repondre

    There are some of you out there who probably haven’t heard of http://www.camgirl.pw This is one of those must see sites. It’s full of extremely attractive ladies. You’re going to want to put down your sandwich when visiting this site. It’s impossible to focus on anything but the babes they have to offer.

  51. kittiserk Repondre

    Sick and tired of being bored? There’s nothing at all good to watch on TV these days. How many cat videos can you watch at YouTube? What you really want is some live adult entertainment. That’s what http://www.camgirl.pw is all about. It’s 24/7 excitement like you’ve never seen before. Check it out and tell a friend. Something this good needs to be shared.

  52. chaneljj Repondre

    A break is what you need. The perfect place to take a much needed break is http://www.camgirl.pw Relax and enjoy yourself. There are plenty of hot babes here to help you unwind.

  53. Free Auto Approve list 6-9-2018 Repondre

    This is a free auto approve list that I made two days ago. It’s my hope to post new free lists daily. I’m not sure that I’ll be able to do them seven days a week. That’s the goal right now. Thanks for taking the time to read this and get to work building some backlinks!

  54. Free Auto Approve List 6-12-2018 Repondre

    I added a fresh new list of auto approve links to my site. I hope you all can make good use out of these links. Thank you for visiting my site and happy link building!

  55. athina3 Repondre

    Are you bored right this very second? If you are, then head on over to http://www.camgirl.pw This is by far the hottest site on the internet. You’ll find plenty of hot babes there that will get and keep your attention.

  56. hop over to these guys Repondre

    I just want to mention I am just beginner to blogs and definitely liked this blog site. Almost certainly I’m want to bookmark your blog . You definitely have awesome articles. Appreciate it for sharing with us your web site.

  57. Free Auto Approve List 6-15-2018 Repondre

    I’ve got a new list for you all to post to. I hope you’re making good use out of these links. Thank you all for visiting my site. Have a great day!

  58. Free Proxy List 6-15-2018 Repondre

    Do you need free proxies for your SEO tools? If you do, then this list is for you. The list contains proxies for both posting and scraping.

  59. Free Proxy List 6-17-2018 Repondre

    This is a new list for today. I’m sorry about the last two lists. You may find some proxies not working the way they should. There was also duplicates in the list. I’m still learning about free public proxies. I hope you can make good use out of this list.

  60. Free Proxy List Repondre

    Here’s a new list of free proxies. All you need to do is load them into your SEO tools. Thanks for visiting my site. I hope you’re having a great Monday!

  61. Free Proxy List 6-19-2018 Repondre

    Here’s a list of free public proxies. The list is a little smaller than usual. You should still be able to make good use out of it.

  62. sellapink Repondre

    Some days you just need to kick back and relax. You can do a whole lot of that by visiting http://www.camgirl.pw There are plenty of hot babes to keep you occupied. Have yourself a good time and don’t forget to make a friend or two.

  63. Tractor Workshop Manuals Repondre

    I was on Twitter looking for Neiko Tools Specials when I found a link to this blog, happy I stopped by – Cheers

  64. tamaramilano Repondre

    You’re not going to be able to take your eyes off of these babes. Each and every one of these girls are super hot. This is the one site where you can have an unlimited amount of fun. That site is http://www.camgirl.pw and you’re going to want to bookmark it.

  65. Free Proxy List 6-20-2018 Repondre

    I have a new fresh list of proxies available. Download the text file and put them to good use in your SEO tools.

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les elements en (*) sont requis